History of Place Dauphine in Paris

Discover the history of Paris, from its very beginning to the impressive city planning works of King Henri IV, all encapsulated in the beautiful Place Dauphine on the Ile de la Cité.

History of Place Dauphine in Paris

The Île de la Cité truly is the historic heart of Paris. It is a small island where the city was founded by a Gallic tribe called the Parisii, and it has always been the very center of Paris. This is “Kilometer Zero” of Paris, where Notre Dame was built, where the Kings of France lived until the Louvre was built, where the last Templar Knight was burned at the stake, where St. Louis carried the Crown of Thorns to Sainte Chapelle, where Marie Antoinette was imprisoned at the Conciergerie. This remarkable island is where Place Dauphine is situated, making it a unique setting for discovering the history of Paris.

The History of Place Dauphine

Located at the very tip of the Île de la Cité, Place Dauphine dates from the time of King Henri IV, who is immortalized in the equestrian statue on the Pont Neuf nearby. Built in 1607 at the order of Henri IV, Place Dauphine was named after his son, the Dauphin of France, who would later become King Louis XIII.

Remarkably, Place Dauphine was built for the emerging merchant class to purchase rather than the elite classes like Henri IV’s other notable civic project Place des Vosges. The properties were quickly bought up by scientists and goldsmiths who built laboratories and shops. All leading advances in science and technology were discovered here: medical technology, photography, watch making and more. Marie Antoinette and Napoleon Bought the first Piguet watches in their shop, which was located on Place Dauphine.

The history of Paris can still be felt as you stroll through Place Dauphine. It’s the perfect spot to reflect on the dramatic and impressive history of the city that surrounds this now peaceful little spot in the heart of the city.

Henri IV and Place Dauphine

Place Dauphine was one of the first projects commissioned by Henri IV. After the completion of Pont Neuf in 1606, the king wanted to make use of the three acres of undeveloped land on the western end of the Île de la Cité. Plans for Place Dauphine were drawn up between 1607 and 1610, and included rows of houses with matching facades built around a triangle structure. Remarkably, this general layout has remained unchanged for over 400 years. Another rare feature of Place Dauphine is that the buildings were built for merchants and commoners rather than the elite like other architectural developments of the period like Place des Vosges.

The equestrian statue of Henri IV located on Pont Neuf near the entrace to Place Dauphine was installed in 1614, and the last of buildings enveloping the Place Dauphine were completed in 1616. These buildings were originally just three storeys tall, consisting of two ground floor shops in each unit, two floors of residential space and a small attic space. Over the years a vast majority of the buildings have been heightened and extensively remodeled, with the exception of the two noticeably shorter units located closest to Pont Neuf.

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